Working Principle of Transformer The working principle of transformer is very simple.
Audio Processing incoming links, etc. The Westinghouse 50HG transmitter is a high level plate modulated transmitter.
Essentially, the modulator is a high powered 25, Wattsaudio amplifier which adds an audio variation to the plate supply voltage for the RF final, modulating the amplitude of the RF carrier.
This requires huge, lossy transformers and tubes operated in active somewhere between cutoff and saturation states.
In this region of operation, you have a voltage across the tubes and an in-phase current passing through them, which results in further power losses in the form of heat. In a class C, RF amplifier, each tube in a push-pull arrangement alternately "kick" energy into the tank circuit from one end to the other.
The actual energy pulses from each tube are full of harmonics as the current waveform is very non-sinusoidal. The tank circuit acts like a pendulum, swinging back and forth in a near sinusoidal fashion.
It is a combination of inductive and capacitive reactances, alternating the current flow at a the resonant frequency of the combination. In this case the two components are in parallel, forming an anti-resonant circuit, which shorts out filters frequencies, which are not at the resonant frequency.
In this case the energy is transferred or magnetically coupled via a secondary coil "link coupling.
The Harris MW takes a step to reduce the losses by operating the modulator tube s at either saturation maximum current at nearly zero volts or cutoff maximum voltage at nearly zero current.
How does this translate to audio? When unmodulated, the modulation tube is generating a square-wave at, say, 70 Khz. With no modulation, the time duration of the "on" portion is equal to the time duration of the "off" portion of the waveform, yielding an unvarying "middle" average.
The 70 Khz is filtered out in coupling to the final amplifier. When modulated, the square wave duty cycle is varying in accordance to the audio.
At maximum peaks, the square wave has wide, on-cycles and and minimum peaks, the tube has wide, off cycles. It is coupled through a 70 Khz low pass filter to the the RF finals. This is much like a modern light dimmer, which simply chops the power at either longer or shorter intervals.
The light bulb, itself has a thermal time constant it cannot instantly cool or heatwhich filters out the chopped part. The Harris DX takes a whole different approach, but extends the idea of operating devices in either saturated or cut-off states.
This method, invented by the late Hilmer I. Swansoncompletely eliminates transformers, except for the output coupling network thousands of pounds, Watts, and cubic feet. The DX takes the approach of using hundreds of small RF modules, stacked to add up to the total power output of the transmitter at any instant.
To modulate the transmitter, the RF modules, each square wave amplifiers, are turned on or off in accordance with the modulating audio. The modulating audio control is accomplished by a set of solid state boards, which can all fit in a PC sized box.
These boards convert the incoming analog signal to a digital representation, which, in turn passes through logic to control the output amplifiers. Each module is small enough to be held in your hand. All modules are coupled to a common buss via toroids to add up the total output power.
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The harmonics of the square wave are lost through filtration, leaving the carrier frequency and its sidebands.Founding Fathers.
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· Nikola Tesla once lit light bulbs from a power source 26 miles away, and he did it in with a machine he built from spare parts in the middle of the urbanagricultureinitiative.com The alternating current through the winding produces a continually changing and alternating flux that surrounds the winding.
If any other winding is brought nearer to the previous one, obviously some portion of this flux will link with the urbanagricultureinitiative.com://urbanagricultureinitiative.com · Electron flow is what we think of as electrical current.
We are familiar with two types of electron flow, Direct Current, or DC, and Alternating Current, or AC. Direct Current is the kind of electrical flow we get from batteries and solar cells, when electrons travel in only one direction.
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