He also acknowledged that certain geographical areas with more complex ethnic compositions, including much of the Horn of Africa and the India subcontinent, did not fit into his racial paradigm. As such, he noted that: His Melanochroi thus eventually also comprised various other dark Caucasoid populations, including the Hamites e. Berbers, Somalis, northern Sudanese, ancient Egyptians and Moors.
A few years ago, I wrote: I want to avoid a very easy trap, which is saying that ingroups vs. Compare the Nazis to the German Jews and to the Japanese. The Nazis were very similar to the German Jews: The Nazis were totally different from the Japanese: But the Nazis and Japanese mostly got along pretty well.
Heck, the Nazis were actually moderately positively disposed to the Chinese, even when they were technically at war.
So what makes an outgroup? Proximity plus small differences. We think of groups close to us in Near Mode, judging them on their merits as useful allies or dangerous enemies. We think of more distant groups in Far Mode — usually, we exoticize them.
We exoticize fargroups, but we can also use them as props in our own local conflicts. We use sympathetic fargroups the same way.
This is all as the theory would predict. Last month I asked on Tumblr: I remember that when I was young and the Internet was young, people online were debating religion vs. Whatever else you were trying to discuss, eventually it would turn into a religion vs.
I remember spending a lot of time at talk. And I remember a lot of people who seemed to genuinely believe that religion was like the 1 problem in the world, maybe even the only problem in the world because it was the root cause of all of the others.
Now social justice vs. Has anybody else noticed this? I got a lot of responses. Other people confirmed this was a real phenomenon and that they remember it the same way. The consensus explanation was that there was a moment in the 90s and early Bush administration when evangelical Christianity seemed to have a lot of political power, and secularists felt really threatened by it.
This caused a lot of fear and arguments. Then everyone mostly agreed Bush was terrible, studies came out showing religion was on the decline, evangelicalism became so politically irrelevant that even the Republicans started nominating Mormons and Donald Trump, and people stopped caring so much.
Now I see atheists sharing things like this: I think once Christianity stopped seeming threatening, Christians went from being an outgroup to being a fargroup, and were exoticized has having the same sort of vague inoffensive wisdom as Buddhists. I saw something that seemed very similar during my time interacting with movement atheists.
There was a split between people who were raised in fundamentalist families and very traumatized about it and who viewed Christianity as an outgroup, versus people who were raised in agnostic families and pretty live-and-let-live and who viewed Christianity as an fargroup.
I know it seems weird to say that movement atheists living in a majority-Christian country treated a religion they interacted with every day the same way the Yugoslavs treated Tibetans, and sure, they would make fun of them, but that was exactly it — they found religion funny — and even in the process of lightly mocking them they tried to avoid stepping on too many toes.
To the fundie-raised atheists it was real, it was a hot war, these people were monsters; to the secular-raised atheists, religious people were just kind of wacky in a problematic way, like the North Koreans, and nobody in America lives their life in a state of constant rage about how evil North Korea is.
And I think as the threat of movement fundamentalism declined, there was a shift among atheists from more emotional hostility to more of a live-and-let-live kind of attitude. From Facebook the other day: There have always been primary elections, and there have always been intra-Left disagreements, but the level of Bernie vs.
Hillary drama at the Democratic Convention this week seems to be something new. Ehrenreich-style leftists focus on critiquing Hillary instead of Trump — either within or outside of the context of supporting the Sanders campaign.
And on the other side, Hillary-supporting liberals go after Sanders and his supporters instead of Trump — Freddie deBoer has written frequently some would say incessantly about this.
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In anthropology, privilege is a special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group. In sociology, privilege is the perceived rights or advantages that are assumed to be available only to a particular person or group of people.
The term is commonly used in the context of social inequality, particularly in regard to age, disability, ethnic or racial.
Homepage ›› Free Samples ›› The Theory of In-groups and Out-groups and Effective Leadership The Theory of In-groups and Out-groups and Effective Leadership Abstract. One interesting idea [the reason I was drawn to your article in the first place] is how ingroups and outgroups relate to bullying.
In Psychology class I learned about ingroups and outgroups but. The backlash to PETA brings to mind the recent complaints of Uber surge-pricing; that is, people complaining about something THAT WOULD OTHERWISE NOT EXIST.
The concept of race as a rough division of anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens) has a long and complicated urbanagricultureinitiative.com word race itself is modern and was used in the sense of "nation, ethnic group" during the 16th to 19th century, and only acquired its modern meaning in the field of physical anthropology from the mid 19th century.
The politicization of the field under the concept of.