The Father of History Many students today propose the question, "why do we study history, what does it have to do with us? Up until this point the Greeks focused mainly on myths and legends that explained how to please their many gods. It wasn't until the time of Herodotus that any emphasis was placed on recording a true account of the past.
Herodotus also has lavished praise onto those who are not Greek as with the Persian Megabazus, whom he describes as loyal to his master, shows admirable foresight and is a good military tactician. In ancient times, this xenophobic attitude would have been perfectly acceptable, and the Greeks would have considered themselves infinitely superior to anyone else.
In the play Acharnians, The comic playwright Aristophanes satirises him, therefore showing that he was a scholar of some standing, and probably a household name. It is therefore impossible to believe that later historians, such as Thucydides were not familiar and influenced by his work.
Despite this, not once does Thucydides even mention Herodotus. However, he does at the beginning of his work make clear references to the fallacies and mistakes of Herodotus. When Thucydides writes, it is for the most part a study of the events as they unfold around him.
He makes it clear that it was difficult at times, for him to find information on these events despite the fact that he was living through them and nearly impossible to learn about events in the past.
Since the events which Herodotus writes about take place some years before he puts them to paper this is a quite obvious attempt, on the behalf of Thucydides, to belittle the work of Herodotus and to make the audience think that what they have read cannot be taken seriously.
Dionysius of Halicarnassus was writing around years after Herodotus. He was interested in the beginnings of history and what determines a good historian. Dionysius also makes the case that Herodotus has known exactly what to include in his book, and what order to put it in, so that it is, informative and yet enjoyable at the same time.
With exception to the final point, Dionysius does not feel that Thucydides has in any way fulfilled these points. The argument that Dionysius makes for Herodotus certainly seems convincing.
However, it is important to remember that Dionysius is not entirely objective, as he comes from the home town of Herodotus and would therefore have felt an affinity with the Historian. To the people of the 5th century, myth and legend were considered as much a part of their heritage and history as more recent events.
In this period, the word Histori?? Herodotus was conscience of the reliability of his sources and often cross-checked them with other sources. He regularly makes mention of the origin of his sources, for example, the priestess at the temple of Apollo at Delphi.
However in many cases, sources may have been scarce especially when referring to events that took place in the distant past as in Egypt. This gives the impression that he regards some of the digressions that he recounts in his book, simply as stories, and that if you are credulous, as he makes out to be then you will believe.
Herodotus does indeed appear to tackle his history like a true historian, when it comes to sources. He has demonstrated his ability to research and inquire for his historical investigations.
He interviewed witness, utilised first and second hand sources looked at documentary evidence, for example temple and oracle records, and travelled around the Mediterranean to embellish his cause.
Herodotus managed to be a truly broad historian in terms of different cultures and societies. He demonstrated this to a much greater extent than most other historians of antiquity, both Greek and Roman. His curiosity in other cultures, from a Greek perspective, was of interest to his audience, as they would have known little about lands outside their own.
Herodotus knew that The Histories would have been in an unfamiliar format to his audience and he was a stepping-stone between earlier fictional epics from great authors like Homer The Odyssey, The Iliad and later less literary authors like Thucydides.
Much of the style of the epic authors seems to have influenced Herodotus especially to the Iliad which would have been familiar to anyone with an education and it would have been flattering to Herodotus for people to say that his work was like a prose version of the work of Homer.
|The Early Life of Herodotus||Roughly, twenty-five years later, Thucydides' The Peloponnesian War continued Herodotus' history, taking up from the moment Histories ends. Book One covers the fifty years between the end of Histories and the beginning of the Peloponnesian War, explaining the rise of Athens and her empire, as a direct result of the league which had formed to fight the Persians.|
|Herodotus - the Father of History - Term Paper||Yet there was no tendency in the Greeks or Romans to read uncritically, each historian open to slander and accusations of dishonesty. No more so than Herodotus.|
|Herodotus: Father of History, Father of Lies||Father of History or Father of Lies? He was both denigrated and venerated in his own time…and has remained so ever since.|
|It is thought that Herodotus began work on his histories in BC, he had however been travelling around Asia Minor and the Mediterranean, gathering information that would later prove useful when writing the history of his travels and the war.|
|Visit Website Origins of the Histories Instead of settling in one place, Herodotus spent his life traveling from one Persian territory to another. He headed to Macedonia and visited all the islands of the Greek Archipelago:|
Herodotus uses extensive characterisation in his histories, which parallels to Homer, and other epic literature. The characterisations make each person seem more real and brings them closer to the audience and we are able to relate to them more easily.
Characterisation does often lead to bias and the inevitability of making out some characters as more wicked or more slow witted than others.
Oct 05, · Many people consider him the father of history; others prefer to call him the father of lies. Whatever may be your perception of Herodotus’ work, the truth is that Herodotus began a new manner of writing history in which human psychology takes a fundamental place. Herodotus (/ h ɪ ˈ r ɒ d ə t ə s /; Ancient Greek: Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos, Attic Greek pronunciation: [urbanagricultureinitiative.com]) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (c. – c. BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and urbanagricultureinitiative.com is often referred . Herodotus: Father of History or Father of Lies? by plato on April 12, Insatiably curious, prone to whimsy, a talented writer, a slave to gossip, an innovator, a barbarian apologist, a cosmopolitan, a partisan egoist; Herodotus has been praised for and accused of much since the publication of his Histories.
However, in most case Herodotus manages to avoid this, by presenting a balanced view of the characters, trying to point out bad points as well as good ones and vice versa.Herodotus (/ h ɪ ˈ r ɒ d ə t ə s /; Ancient Greek: Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos, Attic Greek pronunciation: [urbanagricultureinitiative.com]) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (c.
– c. BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and urbanagricultureinitiative.com is often referred . Herodotus has been called the Ð''The Father of History,' for being the first person to make historical observations without paying too great of an honour to divine influence.
Roughly, twenty-five years later, Thucydides' The Peloponnesian War continued Herodotus' history, taking up 4/4(1). Aug 21, · Herodotus’ family opposed Lygdamis’ rule and was sent into exile on the island of Samos.
When he was a young man, Herodotus returned . Herodotus' work is "the oldest surviving major Greek prose, and the first history in Western civilization." (Starr, ) Herodotus was born at Halicarnassus, a Greek state that was ruled by Persia, located in southwestern Asia Minor.4/4(1).
- Many people consider him the father of history; others prefer to call him the father of lies. Whatever may be your perception of Herodotus’ work, the truth is that Herodotus began a new manner of writing history in which human psychology takes a fundamental place.
Herodotus: The Father of History or the Father of Lies - Assignment Example On In Assignment Sample Herodotus was first thought of as the ‘Father of History’ by the Roman statesman Cicero, due to the fact that his book, called The Histories on the subject of the Persian Wars, is often considered the first of its style.