Background[ edit ] During the reign of Louis XVIFrance faced a major economic crisiscaused in part by the cost of intervening in the American Revolutionand exacerbated by a regressive system of taxation. The king initially opposed this development, but was forced to acknowledge the authority of the assembly, which renamed itself the National Constituent Assembly on 9 July.
By Mircea Platon More than any other event of the eighteenth century, the French Revolution, which began inchanged the face of modern politics across Europe Storming of the bastille july 14 the world.
It overturned the longstanding French system of monarchical government and introduced the ideas of liberty, equality, fraternity, and human and civil rights to modern political practice. It also helped to usher in modern nationalism and nation-states.
And it became a model of revolutionary political change that was followed throughout the world from Europe, to HaitiLatin AmericaRussiaand East Asia. And it all began one July day when the people of Paris captured a fourteenth-century gothic prison known as the Bastille.
The palace of the Bastille, that old symbol of despotism, is taken by the statue of the benevolent king Louis XVI in this engraving.
Louis XVI was indeed planning to erase the gothic—and thus un-enlightened—and expensive prison, but the Revolution moved faster than him.
In the summer ofParis was at a boil. Many Parisians were also angered by the dismissal of the popular minister Jacques Necker on 11 July. But what really stirred them was the fact that, since the beginning of JuneLouis XVI had concentrated troops around Paris. The weapons, however, required gunpowder, which was stored in the Bastille.
In this paintingthe King the lion is constitutionally tamed, while the First the Clergy and the Second the Nobles Estates are dancing to the tune of the Third Estate, that is of the people. After arriving at the prison and negotiating with its governor, marchers burst into an outer courtyard and a pitch battle erupted.
By the time it was over, the people of Paris had freed the prisoners held in the Bastille and taken the governor captive the governor and three of his officers would soon be killed and then beheaded by an infuriated crowd, their heads paraded through the streets atop pikes.
The cost was steep: Throughout the nineteenth century, the fall of the Bastille was chronicled by historians, depicted by artists and celebrated by common people.
Inthe French chose to make the Storming of the Bastille their national holiday. Today, in times of deterritorialized terror, outsourced prisons, bitcoins, and subcontracted state and military arbitrariness, the Storming of the Bastille might look like a quaint scene from an old-fashioned opera. Yet, the world in recent years has had its own share of Bastilles, from Tahrir Square in Cairo to Independence Square in Kyiv not to mention the recent commemorations of the Tiananmen Square Movement.
And, as we celebrate the th anniversary, the taking of the Bastille reminds us that on the long, bumpy road toward representative democracy—that is, on the road toward the rule with the consent and for the benefit of the people—it is sometimes easier to strike down the visible signs of authoritarian power than to deal with the complicated, often shadowy sources of that power.
And, after it took the French the better part of a century to embed the democratic ideals ofthe Bastille prompts us to remember just how hard it is for the voices of the people to be transformed into the enduring instructions of democratic governance and the rule of law.
The storming of the Bastille continued to inspire the artists even in the 19th century as seen in the above: The storming of the Bastille also reminds us that modern citizens were not only born out of acts of valor or cruelty only, but also out of the act of remembering and out of the strong desire for justice.
The fall of the Bastille was one of the moments in the eruption of the modern popular historical consciousness and the power of history and historical consciousness to the proper functioning of a democratic society. Pillaged, scattered and burned during and after the fall of the fortress, large parts of the archive were recovered by Beaumarchais and by the Russian diplomat and bibliophile Pierre Dubrowsky.
Inthe French government commissioned from Alfred-Philippe Roll a painting that would preserve the memory of the first official celebration of 14 July as a national holiday. Finished inRoll's work depicted the inauguration of the monument dedicated to the French Republic at Le Petit Palais, on 14 July Realizing the importance of the Bastille archives, the Commune de Paris appealed to the citizens to return any documents they might have in their possession in order to help document the future trial of royal despotism.
The citizens of Paris answered promptly andpieces were returned. On July 14,the people of Paris seized not only a prison, but also control over their own historical memory, too.
It is this sudden blooming of subjects into citizens, willing and able not only to change history, but also to contribute to its writing, which set the precedent for all the revolutions of the modern age. It is a privilege which we should strive not to lose. Fireworks in Paris on Bastille Day, At dawn on July 14, a great crowd armed with muskets, swords, and various makeshift weapons began to gather around the Bastille.
Launay’s men were able to hold the mob back, but as more and more. The Storming of the Bastille (French: Prise de la Bastille [pʁiz də la bastij]) occurred in Paris, France, on the afternoon of 14 July The medieval fortress, armory, and political prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris.
The prison contained just seven inmates at the time of its storming, but was . Though the official start time was 6 p.m., the crowd was already forming in front of the New Orleans Museum of Art for the 7th annual Bastille Day Fete on Friday (July .
“Vive le 14 juillet!” On this day in , Parisian rebels stormed the Bastille prison. For many, the place had come to represent nothing short of royal tyranny. May 31, · On July 14, , Atlanta Braves slugger Henry “Hank” Aaron hits the th home run of his career in a win over the San Francisco urbanagricultureinitiative.com Aaron .
Jul 14, · Bastille Day is much more than French wine. July 14th is often thought of as France's Independence Day. More accurately, it's the French National Day — called La Fête Nationale in French.