Transcendentalist american essayist and poet who advocated civil disobedience

Henry David Thoreau, an American essayist, poet, and practical philosopher, was a transcendentalist in all aspects of his life and writings.

Transcendentalist american essayist and poet who advocated civil disobedience

Early life Thoreau was born in in ConcordMassachusetts, the third child of a feckless small businessman named John Thoreau and his bustling wife, Cynthia Dunbar Thoreau.

Though his family moved the following year, they returned in Even when he grew ambivalent about the village after reaching adulthood, he never grew ambivalent about its lovely setting of woodlands, streams, and meadows.

In his parents sent him to Concord Academy, where he impressed his teachers and so was permitted to prepare for college. Upon graduating from the academy, he entered Harvard University in There he was a good student, but he was indifferent to the rank system and preferred to use the school library for his own purposes.

Graduating in the middle ranks of the class ofThoreau searched for a teaching job and secured one at his old grammar school in Concord.

He found that he was no disciplinarian and resigned after two shaky weeks, after which he worked for his father in the family pencil-making business. In June he started a small school with the help of his brother John.

Despite its progressive nature, it lasted for three years, until John fell ill. Emerson sensed in Thoreau a true disciple—that is, one with so much Emersonian self-reliance that he would still be his own man. Thoreau saw in Emerson a guide, a father, and a friend. With his magnetism Emerson attracted others to Concord.

Out of their heady speculations and affirmatives came New England Transcendentalism. In retrospect, it was one of the most significant literary movements of 19th-century Americawith at least two authors of world stature, Thoreau and Emerson, to its credit. Essentially, it combined romanticism with reform.

It celebrated the individual rather than the masses, emotion rather than reason, nature rather than man.

Henry David Thoreau | Biography & Works | urbanagricultureinitiative.com

Transcendentalism conceded that there were two ways of knowing, through the senses and through intuitionbut asserted that intuition transcended tuition. Similarly, the movement acknowledged that matter and spirit both existed. It claimed, however, that the reality of spirit transcended the reality of matter.

Transcendentalism strove for reform yet insisted that reform begin with the individual, not the group or organization. He soon polished some of his old college essays and composed new and better ones as well. He wrote some poems—a good many, in fact—for several years.

Transcendentalist american essayist and poet who advocated civil disobedience

A canoe trip that he and his brother John took along the Concord and Merrimack rivers in confirmed in him the opinion that he ought not be a schoolmaster but a poet of nature. As the s began, Thoreau formally took up the profession of poet.

Transcendentalist american essayist and poet who advocated civil disobedience

Captained by Emerson, the Transcendentalists started a magazine, The Dial. In Thoreau fell in love with and proposed marriage to an attractive visitor to Concord named Ellen Sewall.Henry David Thoreau: Complex Simplicity Thesis Statement: Henry David Thoreau, an American essayist, poet, and practical philosopher, was a transcendentalist in all aspects of his life and urbanagricultureinitiative.com transcendentalist doctrines led him to develop some of the most basic societal and most radical political ideas the United States has ever encountered.

A leading transcendentalist, Thoreau is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state/5(K).

Henry David Thoreau, an American essayist, poet, and practical philosopher, was a transcendentalist in all aspects of his life and writings. His transcendentalist doctrines led him to develop some of the most basic societal and most radical political ideas the United States has ever encountered.

Henry David Thoreau (12 July – 6 May ) was an American essayist, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor and historian.

A leading transcendentalist, Thoreau is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience".

A leading transcendentalist, Thoreau is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust urbanagricultureinitiative.com: Henry David Thoreau.

Nov 12,  · Henry David Thoreau (July 12, – May 6, ) was an American essayist, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor.

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